This course is designed for non-Biology majors who are pursuing an Associate Degree at the Independence Junior College. This course introduces students to the five Kingdoms of living organisms and the various levels of organization. It provides a breakdown of the nature of molecules as well as organic chemistry especially macromolecules. It also incorporates the cell, the plasma membrane and modes of transport into and out of the cell including other cell interactions. The course further includes energetics, cellular respiration, photosynthesis, mitosis and meiosis. General Biology concludes with Mendelian genetics, DNA and applied genetics.
This course discusses the basis of biological energetics. It explains the light dependent and light independent stages of photosynthesis and covers an introduction to the various photosynthetic pathways: C3, C4 and CAM and the concepts of limiting factors of photosynthesis. It also explains uptake and transportation of water, minerals and products of photosynthesis. It also includes: cellular respiration; photorespiration; aerobic and anaerobic respiration; glycolysis; Krebs cycle; and electron transport systems and the generation of energy compounds such as ATP. This course concludes explaining response and coordination in plants.
This course introduces Biology majors to the structures and functions of cells and their organelles. Topics include: types of microscopes, microscopy principles; cell theory; ultra-structure of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells; structure and functions of cell organelles; and movement of substances in and out of cell by diffusion, active transport and bulk transport. In addition, the range of living organisms in the different kingdoms of living things will be discussed.
This course is an introduction to basic biochemistry and chemistry activity in the cell and examines the structure and function of fundamental chemicals of living organisms: carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, enzymes, inorganic ions and water. Topics include: fundamental chemicals of living organisms; monomers and chemicals bonds; carbohydrates; disaccharides and polysaccharides; lipids; the role of lipids in organisms; proteins; dipeptides and polypeptides; quaternary structures; inorganic ions; roles of calcium and iron; pH; colloids; water; enzymes: role, protein nature, mode of action and substrate, properties, denaturation and inhibition. This course is the prerequisite for Bioenergetics.
This course provides the vocabulary, theory, principles, and hands-on experience to support the practical, clinical and technical requirements of programs that require knowledge of human systems. The interrelationships of body systems are presented so that the human body is studied as an integrated whole and emphasis is placed on homeostatic mechanisms as they relate to health and disease. Topics include revision of cell theory; cell structure, metabolism, reproduction, levels of organization; study of the normal histology; gross anatomy; physiology of body tissues; integumentary, skeletal, muscle, and nervous systems; interrelationship and integration of body systems’ homeostasis mechanisms as they relate to health and disease. Course specifics: laboratory study includes examination of life-size models and examination of various microscope slides.