General Biology II

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This General Biology course is designed for Biology and Natural Resources Management majors who are pursuing an Associate Degree at the Independence Junior College. This course introduces students to phylogeny and taxonomy in classification. It provides a detailed breakdown of the six kingdoms of organisms including: Eubacteria, Archaebacteria, protista, fungi, Animalia and plantae. It therefore includes the lifecycles of some of the phylum that belong to the different kingdoms including Chlamydomona, Amoeba, Paramecium, Coniferophyta, Bryophyta and so on.  General Biology II also incorporates sexual and asexual reproduction in animals and plants including earthworms, grasshoppers, frogs, humans and birds. The course further includes oogenesis and spermatogenesis in humans as well as the menstrual cycle, courtship, pregnancy, problems associated with the reproductive system, labor and delivery.

Teacher: Godfrey Arzu

Human Anatomy and Physiology II

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This course provides the vocabulary, theory, principles, and hands-on experience to support the practical, clinical and technical requirements of programs that require knowledge of human systems. The interrelationships of body systems are presented so that the human body is studied as an integrated whole and emphasis is placed on homeostatic mechanisms as they relate to health and disease.   Topics include: Anatomy, and physiology of endocrine, circulatory, respiratory, immune, digestive, renal and reproductive systems; integrative homeostatic theories of life support and maintenance. 


Teacher: Godfrey Arzu

Human Health and Disease

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This course introduces basic concepts and causes of human illness including etiology, pathology, and immunology.  Additionally different categories of disease including common disease affecting the Caribbean region form the bases to identify and assess the impacts of diseases to human survival and well-being.  Substance abuses and its physical and social effects and the role of immunology and social and preventative medicine are also an integral component of this course.

Teacher: Godfrey Arzu

Reproductive Biology

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This course explores the behavior of chromosomes, nucleus and cytoplasm in mitotic and meiotic cell division and their importance for stability and variation in species. It is also designed to explain mechanisms of asexual reproduction in plants and other organisms, describes methods used for vegetative propagation and explains the use of tissue culture and tissue culture techniques.   This course further examines sexual in plants and animals. It details sexual reproduction in flowering plants including; insect pollination, cross-pollination and self-pollination.  In addition, it explains the sexual reproduction in humans including; anatomy, hormones, contraceptive methods, and the role nutrition plays on the developing fetus.

Teacher: Godfrey Arzu

Genetics, Variation and Natural Selection

This course is designed for Biology majors and introduces students to basic unit of inheritance, DNA (deoxyribose nucleic acid). It focuses on the structure of nucleic acids and their roles in protein synthesis and nuclear division. It also introduces students to the process of DNA replication, protein synthesis and nuclear division.  It further looks at macromolecules and how they direct molecular process in eukaryotic cells. Students are also introduced to the basic principles of classical genetics involving the work of Gregor Mendel, which discusses key concept involving patterns of inheritance. In addition, topics such as genetic engineering, speciation, variation and natural selection and evolution are explored in this course.

Teacher: Godfrey Arzu